July 2017 Culture and Society

Read the articles selected in July 2017

Maryam Mirzakhani-Mathématicienne iranienne

by Nathaniel Herzberg

Source: Le Monde, 18 July

She was the first woman to win the Fields Medal, equivalent to the Nobel Prize in maths. Keen on literature, she started studying mathematics because attracted by enigma. She said she had no rules, but her own method, and was very patient.

See attached

 


 

Le crépuscule des dieux selon Bill Viola

by Valérie Duponchelle

Source: Le Figaro, 22 July

Bill Viola’s fluid, metaphisical world  expands and materializes in the infinite space of Museum Guggenheim Bilbao. This extreme architecture by Frank Gehry, where are reviving 27 works of the great videoartist, is a challenge to the conception of the art gallery as a box.

See attached

 


 

Moines et éditeurs, urbi et orbi.

by Astrid de Larminat

Source: Le Figaro, 21 July

In France a Benedictine monastery has founded a tiny publishing house, which brings out works of dissident souls. They don’t feel like descendants of medieval copyists, but they see  literary activity  as a free desire in dialogue with God, an engagement that ties peoples. Ora et labora.

See attached

 


 

The riches of Papa

by Ron Charles

Source: The Washington Post, 21 July

A new edition of Hemingway’s short stories , edited by his grandson Seán Hemingway, presents some stories with alternative endings written by the prolific author, showing for the first time to the great public his whole literary creativity.

See attached

 


 

Jane Austen , 200 years on

Source: The Economist, 13 July

In the bicentenary of her death, Jane Austen is celebrated for her quintessentially British, extremely skilled writing able to depict the daily, English life of her time, that reflects through the pink topic of marriage the universal problem of women’ condition.

See attached

 


 

Stricter rules needed to tackle gender stereotypes in advertising, watchdog says

by May Bulman

Source: The Independent, 18 July

The Advertising Standards Authority in the UK has reported the need in rules that go beyond banning objectification and inappropriate sexualisation of women in the messages, to prevent also the representations of gender roles that can play a role in the disparities.

See attached

 


 

Autobiographical storytelling is bridging divides in Beirut

Source: The Economist, 28 June

 

Every month in Beirut people of all backgrounds gather to hear and tell stories. Rediscovering a typical Middle Eastern tradition they share true, personal experiences that tell tolerance and break taboos in a country crossed by religious and political divides.

See attached

 


 

Just for laughs

Source: The Independent, 19 July

 

Textual laughters interest linguists. Digital chuckling conveys so much nuances of meaning that has little to do with humour. Practically, with only a ha! you can ask your interlocutor whether he has nothing better to do than texting you.

See attached


 

 

La médecine sous l’oeil du philosophe

by Catherine Mary

Source: Le Monde, 12 July

 

The Introduction à la philosophie des sciences médicales by Maël Lemoine examines the methods of the contemporary medecine discussing the borders between the healty and the pathological and questioning the evidence-based medical sciences devoid of a common theoretical fundament.

See attached

 


 

Paolo Villaggio

by Jean-François Rauger

Source: Le Monde, 11 July

 

Paolo Villaggio was a not acknowledged great actor. His characters, creatures of his own writing, born initially for a television audience, characterize the Italian comedy of a kind and of a generation which used the comical in bad taste to express a childish, cruel and melancholy whiteness.

See attached 


 

Bauhaus für das 21. Jahrhundert

by Jasmnin Jouhar

Source: http://www.faz.net/, 12 July

 

What inspires young designers that are rediscovering the Bauhaus style is the spirit and the method of the design school which dealed with the relation between aesthetics, industrie and technology and produced the great utopie of an art accessible to everyone and part of the daily life, to become a critical instrument for the mass.

Read more:

http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wirtschaft/immobilien/wohnen/bauhaus-fuer-das-21-jahrhundert-15097749.html

 


 

Historic Christian building found off Scottish coast

by David Keys

Source: The Independent, 11 July

 

Using radiocarbon techniques, archeologists have shown that a humble wattle and daub hut, discovered on the Island of Iona in the 1950s is a building of outstanding importance for  the European culture and the Western Christianity.

See attached


 

David Hockney: “Je suis un peintre hereux”

by Philippe Dagen

Source: Le Monde, 23 June

 

 

On the occasion of his retrospective by the Centre Pompidou, David Hockney questions the occidental perspective that assumed a fixed spectator’s look, and celebrates the art of painting against the mechanical and digital instruments of representation for its capacity to perceive the body and the matter.

See attached

 


 

Die Philosophie der Chemie

by Sibylle Anderl

Source: Frankfurter Allgemeine, 5 July

 

 

The question about the composition of matter was born with the philosophy. Aristoteles was the first who held the divisibility of atoms and his thought has influenced even the modern chemistry. Today, the question on the reality of microphysics descriptions is still an open philosophical problem.

See attached

 


 

Florent Coste: “Repolitiser notre rapport à la création littéraire”

by Jean-Louis Jeannelle

Source: Le Monde, 30 June

A literary medievalist theoretician invites ro rediscover literature in its relations with the social echosystem which is always part of the creative process. Literature has still sense if it becomes a not exclusive, ordinary experience, that through the everyday tongue changes our existence.

See attached

 


 

Tarkovski, le sombre éclat d’un réfractaire

by Marie Noël Tranchant

Source: Le Figaro, 1 July

 

In Paris, two retrospectives are dedicated to Andreï Tarkovski, the film maker in search of the spiritual mystery of the world. Refractory to every form of materialism, the regime allowed him to produce  films that the Western wouldn’t have gambled on as experimental movies, while censuring them.

See attached

 


 

How the Opera di Roma turned things around

Source: The Economist, 22 June

In Italy many opera houses are in financial difficulties. The Opera di Roma has successfully launched a programme for youth that reaches public squares and lures audience in the theatres, while helping young artists in their careers. Italy has the responsibility to keep alive this genre born popular.

See attached

 


 

China releases Nobel Peace Prize winner from prison on health grounds

by Simon Denyer

Source: The Independent, 27 June

 

Liu Xiaobo, one of former students in Tianmen Square demonstrations, Nobel Peace Price for his long and nonviolent struggle for fundamental human rights in China, has been released from prison where he served a sentence due to his political activity on health grounds.

See attached

 

Allegati