Read the articles selected in December 2017
Taking Action_ A Roadmap to Achieving Universal Health Coverage for All by 2030.
By European Patients Forum
Source: asvis.it, 13 December
Disparities in access to healthcare predate the financial crisis and have worsened with the following austerity policies. A high level of protection of human health is not only an SDG but is a milestone of the Treaty of Lisbon, prerequisite of economic growth and not only a basic human right.
Health at a Glance 2017 OECD Indicators
In this comparison across OECD countries of the health status of people and health system performances comes out that the improving life expectancy is explained not only with the health spending, which is nonetheless critical but with wider social determinants like education. Expenditure on health must be effective.
The Freedom of Thought Report 2017
By International Humanist and Ethical Union
Source: asvis.it/ , 11 December
Around the world, religion is still a factor of hate, persecution, and discriminations. In many countries, a faith is a tool of power, an argument to misunderstand every ethical principle. The Freedom of Thought is so deeply human that can’t be considered accessory to the other universal human rights.
Depuis la première COP, le climat s’est emballé
By Stéphane Foucart
Source: Le Monde, 12 December
The COP23 balance sheet shows the failure of the international diplomacy, in the 22 years after the first Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, in joining forces against the recent conjunction of natural disasters, as much as rationally explicable.
La vie selon le pape François
By Cécile Chambraud
Source: Le Monde, 2 December
Pope Francis has opened the Pontifical Academy for the defense of life, now composed also of not Catholic and not believer intellectuals to the dialogue on issues that don’t concern only the procreation, but the whole defense of the human being, such as about migrations, traffic of arms or the death penalty.
Educazione agli Obiettivi per lo Sviluppo Sostenibile
Source: asvis.it/, 29 November
The SDGs require a profound change on which education plays a crucial role, helping descents to reflect on their actions and to act responsively, and also in facing the increasing complexity and uncertainty of our time, developing transversal competences.
Climate Science Special Report
By U.S. Global Change Research Program
Source: asvis.it/, 17 November
This document gives plain consequentiality and scientific evidence to the assertion that is extremely likely that the global warming, especially observed in the U.S. is to link with human activities. The scenarios designed for every different temperature increase are not science fiction.
Nations agree to ban fishing in Arctic Ocean for at least 16 years
By Hannah Hoag
Source: Science, 1 December
A deal to prevent unregulated fishing in the central Arctic Ocean area, become more accessible because of the thinning ice, and with an increased production of plankton which is modifying the marine ecosystem has been reached among coastal nations and other countries with interests in the region.
World’s most comprehensive map showing the amount of carbon stocks in the soil launched
Source: http://www.fao.org, 5 December
The World Soil Day celebrates the fundament of the agriculture, the soil organic matter which makes fields more productive and is a natural carbon storage system which reduces greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, playing a crucial role to safeguard and that the recent COP23 has recognized in its importance.
Human Rights Day: UN launches campaign for the 70th anniversary of Universal Declaration
This Day celebrates the perennial, universal and never to take for granted values of equality, justice and human dignity, written with the strength of law on a text which is the most translated document in the world, whose message has protected and improved the daily life of millions.
Building the Future
This report examinates the child well-being in the EU and Oecd countries, as it is meant in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, enriched by the SDGs dimensions. The Sustainable Development, orientated towards the needs of the children and focused on addressing inequalities acquires a long-term perspective.
EU Action Plan 2017-2019. Tackling the gender pay gap
Source: asvis.it, 27 November
The gender pay gap is a central objective in the fight against gender disparities, which crosses the European social rights. The activities proposed by the EC start from the fact that the current legislation adopted by the Member States are insufficient to tackle this problem and need further legal measures.
Global Wealth Report 2017: where are we ten years after the crisis?
Source: asvis.it, 20 November
Global wealth is rising at the fastest pace since the financial crisis, with the United States at the first place, and a consistent perspective of growth for developing economies, expected to reach a 22 percent of the total in the next five years. But the outlook for the bottom of the wealth pyramid is not optimistic.
International Day for the Abolition of Slavery 2 December
Slavery is a condition concerning 40 million people worldwide, yet it is not defined in law. It includes practices of human exploitation under violence, coercion, deception and or abuse of power, ranging from forced labor to forced marriage. One in four victims of slavery is a child.
International Day of Persons with Disabilities 3 December
Proclaimed in 1992 by the United Nations, this Day is legally boosted by the Convention on the rights of persons with disabilities, which was the first comprehensive human rights treaty, implemented by the 2030 Agenda and its intent to “leave no one behind”, to make disabled persons as agents of change and not only beneficiaries.
Rise in malaria cases sparks fears of a resurgence
by Amy Maxmen
Source: Nature, 29 November
A reduction of funding for anti-malaria programmes, due to a dropping attention by governments, to conflicts and natural disasters has stopped progress against this curable disease. On the other side, researchers are concerned by the spread of a form of drug–resistant malaria.
Diving scientists report big changes beneath Antarctic ice shelf
by Tom Metcalfe
Source: Scientific American, 25 November
An expedition on the Antarctic continent documented in virtual reality uncovered changes in the marine ecosystems as consequence of the thinning sea ice due to global warming and occurred in comparison with previous studies unexpectedly rapidly.