Read the articles selected in October 2018
L’Italia e gli Obiettivi di Sviluppo Sostenibile
This paper highlights the importance of one integrated policy vision in the approach to the social issues, calling for a step forwards from the achievements of this government, and the acknowledgment of the circular action of economical, environmental and technological policies.
A future stolen: young and out of school
Education is the most potent equalizer of chances. Not only it is crucial for staying in the global economy, but it is just the so long pursued economic growth that leaves behind uneducated students and workers, from the early childhood for the rest of the life. Education is one of the fundamental pillars of the 2030 Agenda.
Global warming must not exceed 1.5C, landmark UN report warns
By Jonathan Watts
Source: The Guardian, 8 October
The IPCC report presents the enormous benefits of keeping the global temperature under the threshold of 1.5C warmer than preindustrial levels, showing that it can be done without miracles of physics and chemistry, but only with a defined and determined political will.
IPCC says limiting global warming to 1.5°C will require drastic action
By Jeff Tollefson
Source: Nature, 8 October
Humanity is on track for around 3 degrees of warming with the policies put on the table so far. The good news is that the Paris target is nevertheless not in any way impossible if we comply with the deadlines established to achieve by 2050 the carbon neutrality.
La ONU urge medidas más duras para frenar el calentamiento
By Manuel Planelles
Source: El País, 8 October
The IPCC Report highlights how it is fundamental to aim at the target of 1.5C, instead of the 2C agreed in Paris, for the impact which the 2°C would have on health, livelihood, food security, water security, and economic growth, as we’ve already found out with the current 1°C global warming.
New bonds to finance sustainable development
By Chris Knight
These Awareness Bonds are designed to fund projects related to SDGs such as drinking water and sanitation, in order to improve people’s quality of life by showing how it is possible to realize these goals with a transparent and responsible action.
Decline of Global Extreme Poverty continues but Has Slowed: World Bank
Despite the remarkable results achieved in the last 25 years, the long way to the goal of the end of extreme poverty is still long. The situation in Subsaharian Africa shows that without more efforts in investments, growth will leave out forever the remaining poor.
World Bank group has a new tool for fighting famine: Artificial intelligence
By Peter Holley
Source: The Washington Post, 25 September
The reasons for famine crises are extremely complex. Famine can depend on climate or food price inflation, as well as political instability or terrorism. Famine prediction is a kind of science, but with a new algorithm, we will be able to forecast and act in real time.
Maladies non trasmissibles: l’ONU appelle à des mesures urgentes
Source: Le Figaro, 27 September
Noncommunicable illnesses do kill, especially in poor countries, but international aid is focused only on communicable diseases. A report produced by a commission of experts at the edge of the 73° General Assembly of the United Nations makes the point.
International Day of Older Persons 1 October
Inspired by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, this celebration highlights the freedom and the needs of these disadvantaged persons, while the attention to this population group implies the importance of demographic strategies to achieving the SDGs.
Human Development Index
2018 Update shows that despite the substantial progress observed across the world in important dimensions, this progress is not linear and is reversible. As for education, it is important to focus on the quality of teaching, and not only the schooling. Of particular concern is the environmental degradation.
Missed Opportunities: the high cost of not educating girls
Education matters for all children, but missing a girl in education has consequences for the whole community since it is related with child marriage and maternity and produces a spiral of poverty and inequalities which is perpetuated through generations.
International technical guidance on sexuality education
Within a context based on scientific evidence and human rights, sexual education develops self-esteem and respect for the own body and partner, fostering gender parity and responsibility for their own actions. It contributes to the formation of a society grounded on respect, tolerance, and empathy.
Being good at maths could be good for your health
By Nicolas Jonas
Mathematics’ and numeracy’s skills help people to better understand many aspects of their health status, when they read quantitative medical indicators or are informed about risks and effects of treatments, prompting a more effective medical decision making.
The Earth is looking for environmentally mindful students
By Alfonso Echazarra
Source: https://www.oecd.org/, 4 September
The environmental awareness is growing among young students, and the most conscious ones are the most scientifically-minded among their peers, albeit not the most optimistic. The environmental education is crucial to the sustainability of our Planet.