April 2019 Research, Science and Knowledge

Read the articles selected in April 2019

Private education is booming in new markets and new forms

Source: The Economist, 11 April

The private sector in education is growing also in Europe, where the State has dominated this sector in the last decades. The new technologies and the new skills required make the private sector more comfortable and attractive for investors, while governments tend to control education as a social good.

Read more:

https://www.economist.com/special-report/2019/04/13/private-education-is-booming-in-new-markets-and-new-forms

 


 

Ethic Guidelines for Trustworthy AI

By the High-Level Expert Group on Artificial Intelligence set up by the EC

This Guidance makes clear the legal foundation of a trustworthy AI. The norms elaborated on different levels and the obligations they provide, negative and positive, ethical and technical, ensure that every phase of the development and the life cycle of AI systems is harmless to anyone, to the society and the democracies.

Read more:

file:///C:/Users/Roberta%20Capo/Downloads/AIEthicsGuidelinespdf%20(3).pdf

 


 

Should schools teach coding?

By Andreas Schleicher

Source: oecd.org, 22 March

Rather than adding ever more subjects, the school curricula should prioritize skills and logical structures that are valid in different fields of knowledge. So, teaching in class today’s digital tools can’t be late for tomorrow’s problems without a deep understanding of the concepts of digitalization.

Read more:

http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.com/2019/03/should-schools-teach-coding.html

 


 

Why Macron’s “European universities” may be a bad idea

By David Matthews

Source: Times Higher Education, 16 April

Beyond the intention to build an Europe stronger and centralized, critisized by the author of this article for its ideological character, the project of a network of European universities remains valid and a political one, for the values it can widespread in the institutions.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/why-macrons-european-universities-may-be-bad-idea

 


 

Higher education is about transformation

By Paul Ashwin

Source: University World News, 13 April

Measuring the quality of education only by the labour market outcomes of graduates reproduces an elitist vision of higher education. Its transformative potential is in how the knowledge acquired has changed students’ view of the world and the sense of themselves.

Read more:

https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20190408084550435


 

Open Access Survey Results

Source: https://eua.eu

The latest outcomes of this Eua Survey present the evolution of the Open Access policies in the European universities, reported since 2014 and in steadily growth with regard to research publications, research data management and research data.

Read more:

https://eua.eu/downloads/publications/2017-2018%20open%20access%20survey%20results.pdf

 


 

Trends shaping education 2019

Source: oecd.org

In front of the complexity and the speed of the change touching on every aspect of the individual and societal life, while the sense of belonging is declining or changing, the education should be not only lifelong, but lifewide.

Read more:

https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/trends-shaping-education-2019_trends_edu-2019-en#page16

 


 

How mindfulness can help Ph.D. students deal with mental health challenges

By Katie Langin

Source: Science, 27 March

 

PhD students are a group among the general population where the rates of anxiety and depression are consistent. Different scientific studies show that mindfulness is a good exercise for the brain, leading not only to cope with stress but also to greater resilience and confidence in their capacities.

Read more:

https://www.sciencemag.org/careers/2019/03/how-mindfulness-can-help-phd-students-deal-mental-health-challenges

 


 

We need to challenge the university monopoly on research

By Thomas Fink

Source: Times Higher Education, 4 April

The idea that education should be informed by the latest discoveries has led to concentrate research in the universities. But when the universities represent only one sector of the knowledge network, there is a win for research quality and efficiency.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/we-need-challenge-university-monopoly-research

 


 

The coming “China crisis” in global higher education

By Philip G. Altbach

Source: University World News, 6 April

The consequences of Chinese governative politics on the instruction and the crisis of the idea of a liberal education will have global implications, given that China has the largest number in enrollments and is the biggest exporter of students.

Read more:

https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20190403104242366

 


 

Open consultation on shaping higher education in the digital era

Source: SPHERE

The new technologies are transforming education and research and are therefore reason of reflexion. The International Association of Universities is bringing about guiding principles for the political reforms and for the institutions that help to manage these changes.

Read more:

 https://supporthere.org/news/open-consultation-shaping-higher

 


 

Supporting societal engagement of higher education

Source: EQAF

This is the theme of the 2019 European Quality Assurance Forum (EQAF) , hosted by the TU University Berlin. From this perspective, QA is expected to meet the needs of all stakeholders, teaching to graduates as the future workers and citizens.

Read more:

https://eua.eu/component/attachments/attachments.html?task=attachment&id=2047

 


 

Measuring Innovation in Education 2019

By Stéphan Vincent-Lancrin, Joaquin Urgel, Soumyajit Kar & Gwénaël Jakotin

Source: oecd.org

Innovation is a transformation  in the practice of teaching and learning. The indicators developed in this report thanks to PISA, TIMMS and PIRLS databases show when this change is systemic and the measure of its reach explains the significance of the difference.

Read more:

https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/education/measuring-innovation-in-education-2019_9789264311671-en#page25

 


 

Automation will make huge demands on universities

By Geoff Maslen

Source: University World News, 27 March

After a report published by the Mc Kinsey&Company in Australia, one 46% of existing job places will be automatized by 2030, but the drammatical consequences of this fact on the work conditions of millions will be restrained in those that have a tertiary education.

Read more:

https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20190327122657763

 


 

Astronomers say a Neptune-seized planet lurks beyond Pluto

By Eric Hand

Source: Science, 20 January

Researchers have collected data showing evidence of the existence of a like Neptune-seized planet, coming from the early solar system and orbiting around the Sun every 15000 years.

Read more:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2016/01/astronomers-say-neptune-sized-planet-lurks-beyond-pluto


 

Promoting a European dimension to teaching enhancement

By the European Forum for Enhanced Collaboration in Teaching (EFFECT)

Source: https://eua.eu

This study has been thought from the emergence of pedagogical staff development in higher education across Europe, where there is a lack of institutional culture for teaching. EFFECT provides a series of cases and voluntary principles adaptable to different national and institutional contexts.

Read more:

https://eua.eu/downloads/publications/promoting%20a%20european%20dimension%20to%20teaching%20enhancement-effect%20feasibility%20study.pdf

 


 

OECD Going Digital

Source: http://www.oecd.org/

With the e-commerce was born twenty years ago a borderless economy which has been the most important means of growth and development around the world. Though already aged, the e-commerce raises juridical and political issues which this toolkit intends to solve.

Read more:

http://goingdigital.oecd.org/en/

 


 

Soap-bubble pioneer is first woman to win prestigious maths prize

By Davide Castelvecchi

Source: Nature, 19 March

The mathematician Kare Uhlenbeck has won the 2019 Abel Prize, awarded for her incomparable capacity to use equations to solve problems of geometry and topology, and in particular for the discovery of the so-called bubbling.

Read more:

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-00932-1

 


 

A new way of defining excellence in higher education

By Phil Baty

Source: Times Higher Education, 13 March

Traditional rankings appear to fit for the rich countries and in fact reproduce a disegual model of the world. But there are innumerable less prestigious institutions whose efforts to make the world better through education are not acknowledged. THE has presented a new ranking structured around the SDGs.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/opinion/new-way-defining-excellence-higher-education

 


 

Co-creative innovation must be core mission of universities

By Liz Newmark

Source: University World News, 12 March

Universities are becoming more able to address challenges like climate change, globalization and digitalization. Multidisciplinarity is the key to manage the amount of data provided by the economy of information.

Read more:

https://www.universityworldnews.com/post.php?story=20190312074208733