May 2019 Ideas and innovation

Read the articles selected in May 2019

Commercial break. How ethical is it for advertisers to track your mood?

By Emily Bell

Source: The Guardian, 6 May

New technologies allow to catch the mood of the spectator or online reader to modify the offer of commercial breaks, tailored in real time to the emotions raised directly or through a sequence of mental associations by the text enjoyed at that moment.

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From lab to table: can cell-cultured meat win over Americans?

By Laura Reiley

Source: The Washington Post, 4 May

Before the increasing demand for meat and the concerns for the environment and the public health related to its consumption the US are going to launch the first food made from meat derived from animal cells grown in petri-dishes. The bet is to convince the non vegetarians or vegans consumers.

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Les Océans, nouvel eldorado de la recherche pharmaceutique

By Nathalie Szapiro-Manoukian

Source: Le Figaro, 13 May

The marine molecules are like no other ones on the land, but are difficult to find. The collective work Écologie chimique, le language de la nature explains that using the natural marine resources to create new drugs is one reason more to protect the nature.

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A black hole for STEM Women

By Margareth A. Hamburg & Nicole Small

Source: Newsweek International, 17 May

 One reason for the lack of women in STEM is the lack of female role models, which can be seen also in the fictions and could in the reality increase girls’motivation and interest in sciences. In the US several initiatives try to attract women in these subjects with the promise to change the world.

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La Red nunca fue un paraísoBy Evgeny Morozov

Source: El País, 5 May

 

As long as the web is not meant as a set of infrastructures designed for the empowerment of the individual citizens and workers, there won’t be never the transfer of power from the capitalist groups to the plurality of users as invoked by the new Tim Berners-Lee’s Manifest.

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“Die Quantenmechanik ist wirklich verrückt”

By Tanja Traxler

Source: Der Standard, 8 May

In this interview Marc Henneaux talks about the possibility to unify in a few years the relativity's theory with the quantic physics while the science,  in the wait of the choice of the best theory  as the starting point, always manifests the insuppressible tendency to decide for the most beautiful and harmonic one.

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Do transportation network companies decrease or increase congestion?

By Gregory D. Erhardt, Sneha Roy  etc.

Source: Science, 8 May

Despite their potential to reduce the use of private cars, this research shows on the base of reliable data that in San Francisco transportation network companies (TNCs) have increased traffic congestion, and suggests how to integrate TNCs into the existing transportation networks.

Read more:

https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/5/eaau2670

 


 

Kommt jetzt die Zeit der Philosophen?

By Allegra Mercedes Pirker

Source: Der Standard, 9 May

The digital universe needs philosophers. Not only the digitalization raises ethical problems, but many figures of the technological Olympus originate from philosophical courses of study. Otherwise, the capacity to  argue logically, think analytically and  explain structurally are always marketable skills.

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Au frontières du connu, de l’inconnu et de l’inconnaissable

By Yann Verdo

Source: Les Echos, 19 April

A new book by Marcus de Sautoy presents a framework of the current scientific theories and discoveries to describe a point of no return for the human thought arrived at the limits of the knowledge and open to the unknown and unknowable.

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Drawing identified as second known sketch of Leonardo

By Mark Brown

Source: The Guardian, 2 May

Scholars have recognized the second sketch of Leonardo, a drawing hastily outlined, probably by an assistant on a two-sided sheet employed on the other side for an equestrian study. Considered of no great artistic value, the work is hugely important from a biographic point of view and is shown at Buckingham Palace this month.

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Biggest Denisovan fossil yet spills ancient human’s secrets

By Matthew Warren

Source: Nature, 1 May

Jawbone found on Tibetan Plateau has been attributed to the ancient hominin group recently discovered on the Denisovan Cave  in Siberia through the research of collagen proteins. The success of the analysis in absence of DNA opens new possibilities to archaelogy.

Read more:

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-019-01395-0


 

 

Internet of Things: Energy boon or bane?

By Eric Hittinger & Paulina Jaramillo

Source: Science, 26 April

Another revolution will happen in our lives, and it will have to reckon with the consumption of energy. The Internet of Things not only will have a direct impact on the systems of energy, but will also bring to a multiplied use of devices and services..

Read more:

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/364/6438/326

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