October 2017 Research, Science and Knowledge

Read the articles selected in October 2017

EUA’s energy platform calls for universities to enhance their contribution to the energy transition and fight climate change

Source: http://www.eua.be/, 23 October

 

Universities have a role in the energy transition and in the fight against climate change, developing curricula e programmes that speak through all fields of scholarship about a low- carbon economy and training the citizens of the future, oriented towards knowledge and prosperity.

Read more:

http://www.eua.be/activities-services/news/newsitem/2017/10/23/eua-s-energy-platform-calls-for-universities-to-enhance-their-contribution-to-the-energy-transition-and-fight-climate-change

 


 

Higher education cooperation for development and the Sustainable Development Goals: report from the EARMA/EUA  seminar

Source: http://www.eua.be/, 19 October

 

Representatives from higher education and the European institutions gathered in a seminar at the European Parliament to prospect a more integrated approach towards the SDGs, requiring institutional synergies and public-private partnership, underlining the central role of universities in fostering change.

Read more:

http://www.eua.be/activities-services/news/newsitem/2017/10/19/higher-education-cooperation-for-development-and-the-sustainable-development-goals-report-from-the-earma-eua-seminar

 


 

World University Rankings 2018 by subject: engineering and computer science results out now

by Ellie Bothwell

Source: Times Higher Education, 17 October

 

 

The THE World Universities Rankings 2018 for engineering and technology and computer science represent US universities at the top together with Oxford, but also recognise the growth of Asian institutions in these subjects, a sign of political change about the transformative role of schools in advancing economies and societies.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/world-university-rankings-2018-subject-engineering-and-computer-science-results-out-now

 


 

A shift to the global common good in higher education

by Lin Tian, Yan Wu & Niancai Liu

Source: http://www.universityworldnews.com, 20 October

 

Inspired by a notion of education transcending the antithesis common good/public good with the concept of human development, the Center for World-Class Universities in Shanghai Jao Tong University aims at cultivating talent, conducting the most advanced research and benefiting all humanity of our interconnected planet.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20171018100006575

 


 

Teachers for tomorrow

by Andreas Schleicher

Source: http://www.oecd.org, 19 October

 

The first Qudwa Global Teachers Forum in Abu Dhabi has drawn up the teacher profession in the digital era. As like ever, the task of teaching is helping all learners to understand their aspirations and passions. Technology can’t replace a poor education but can boost a great educational work.

Read more:

https://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.it/2017/10/teachers-for-tomorrow.html


 

 

 

Why Europe needs an HE learning and teaching forum

by Michael Gaebel

Source: http://www.universityworldnews.com, 13 October

 

The need for enhancing skills of citizens and workers declared by the European Commission has shifted the attention to higher education and governmental institutions from research and research excellence to learning and teaching methods in the sight of a general acceptance of new educational approaches.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20171010152453597

 


 

Neurodiversity in Education

Source: http://www.oecd.org

The increasing diagnoses of neurodevelopmental disorders put a case for adequate teaching and assessment methods as well as for defining academic goals for children with learning disabilities. Avoiding assessment is not a solution for an inclusive classroom.

 See attached

 


 

German researchers resign from Elsevier journals in push for nationwide open access

by Gretchen Vogel

Source: Science, 13 Ottobre

 

 

Negotiations between a  German research consortium and the Dutch giant Elsevier about a new payment “publish and read” model for Germany-based researchers have ended with the resignations of five scientists from their editorial positions in the company.

Read more:

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/10/german-researchers-resign-elsevier-journals-push-nationwide-open-access

 


 

How could Macron’s “European universities” work?

by David Matthews

Source: Times Higher Education, 15 October

At least 20 European universities are expected to be funded by 2024, after a proposal launched by French President Macron. It’s a project of a network of existing universities with a common curriculum, that would allow the free circulation of students among European countries, creating “a sense of belonging “.

See attached

 


 

La Cité des sciences refait ses calculs

by Claire Bommelaer

Source: Le Figaro, 14 October

After the technological revolution even the Cité des sciences et de l’industrie in Paris, which in thirty years has lured 89 million tourists turns out to be dated and is organising a new investment plan to become more interactive and digital.

See attached

 


 

  

New Skills Agenda for Europe

Source: http://ec.europa.eu/

 

The New Skills Agenda for Europe aims at a quality professional training for all European citizens, as well as a better use of the available skills through a better understanding of qualifications and the creation of information tools useful for career and learning choices.

See attached

 


 

 

Why innovation becomes imperative in education

by Dirk Van Damme

Source: http://www.oecd.org, 4 October

Innovation is not only about the latest technological devices but also includes societal change. Opening education to the challenges of digitalisation and artificial intelligence requires a school system connected with the outside world of business and local communities and driving the change.

Read more:

http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.it/2017/10/why-innovation-becomes-imperative-in.html

 


 

OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017

Source: http://www.oecd.org/, 5 October

 

This report photographs Italy in a struggling progress towards a society based on the achievement of relevant skills, giving a series of recommendations in sight of the targets set by the ambitious education and labour reforms of the last years.

See attached

 


 

Reproductibilité en crise

Source: Le Monde, 4 October

 

Science as a reliable fundament for rational decisions must offer the possibility to reply and confirm its results. The reproducibility crisis doesn’t mean that the scientific system can’t improve through more rigour and transparency.

See attached

 


 

Pioneer of “nudge” science and explorer of irrational decisions earns economics Nobel

by Adrian Cho

Source: Science, 9 October

 

With a modest amount of mathematics and a bright, admirable style Richard Thaler has developed a model which explains the apparent contradiction in the behaviour of the economic agent integrating concepts borrowed from psychology and neuroscience that have changed the face of the economic policy.

Read more:

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/10/pioneer-nudge-science-and-explorer-irrational-decisions-earns-economics-nobel


 

 

A female Nobel winner: the enduring inspiration of the rarest of scientists

by Erika Mancini

Source: Times Higher Education, 29 September

 

Even though more and more women start a scientific career today, female scientists don’t have the same social standing as male colleagues and are not fully acknowledged in their achievements. The rare female Nobel Prizes in science should inspire new generations.

See attached


 

Internationalisation of HE needs to be replaced

by Fay Patel

Source: http://www.universityworldnews.com, 29 September

Internationalisation of higher education is a Western paradigm based on the hegemony of the First-World’ Western knowledge. The glocalisation of learning, adopted by the 2030 Agenda, means the construction of knowledge forms that embrace other worldviews, is inclusive and focused on quality and inclusivity.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20170927101224475[RC1] 

 


 

Timing is everything: U.S. trio earns Nobel for work on the body’s biological clock

by Gretchen Vogel & Erik Stokstad

Source: Science, 2 October

U.S. trio has won this year’s Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their work on the genes influencing the circadian rhythms, which affect the activity of most other genes in the organisms. The demonstration of the fundamental importance of the biological clock has opened a whole research field.

Read more:

http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/10/timing-everything-us-trio-earns-nobel-work-body-s-biological-clock

 


 

Le prix Nobel, science inexacte

by Nathaniel Herzberg

Source: Le Monde, 3 October

 

Even Nobel laureates get wrong sometimes, but science goes forward. The controversies raised every year by the Prizes’ assignment show not only the existence of an establishment, but also that research is not a progressive and linear path, and sometimes it is detached from experience.

See attached

 


 

How do schools compensate for socio-economic disadvantage?

Source: http://www.oecd.org

 

Learning environments and effective resources are related to better students performance, playing a role in addressing social inequalities. The allocation of additional funds for disadvantaged schools improves the general science performance, but also teacher support matters.

See attached

 


 

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Universities are ready to contribute to the Future of Europe

Source: http://www.eua.be/

 

Within the knowledge economies, the role of universities and their core mission to do research, education and innovation are central, enabling citizens to navigate in rapidly changing labour markets, while promoting civic values and bringing the European project forward.

See attached

 


 

Publier. La course à l’abîme

by Pascaline Minet & David Larousserie

Source: Le Monde, 27 September

 

The system of editors publishing scientific papers, based on the subscriptions to specialised reviews is high-priced and restricting the access to knowledge. But the monopoly of the major publishers is weakening, while alternative models of open access are standing up.

See attached

 


 

UK science seeks “a new relationship with EU”

by Meredith Wadman & Adrian Cho

Source: Science, 20 September

 

After Brexit,  UK government’s aim is not only to continue the access to European research programs, but it declares to want to make the UK an attractive place for researchers from all around the world and to treat science as a particular case to protect from Brexit effects with extra funding.

See attached

 


 

Faculty promotion must assess reproducibility

by Jeffrey Flier

Source: Nature, 12 September

 

To make science more reliable, it is crucial the way candidates by research institutions are appointed and promoted. Reviewers should assess not just how a field would be without a researcher’s contribution, but also the reproducibility of his work, together with his capacity for critical self-reflection.

Read more:

https://www.nature.com/news/faculty-promotion-must-assess-reproducibility-1.22596

 


 

State of the Union: Ambitions need to be backed by boosting research and education

Source: http://www.eua.be/, 21 September

 

A Europe leader in innovation needs ambitious investments in research and education. The EU framework programmes for research and innovation support European cooperation in higher education and research, funding projects that would otherwise not be developed and boosting Europe’s long-term competitiveness.

See attached

 

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