September Research, Science and Knowledge

Read the articles selected in September 2016

Science’s 1%: how income inequality is getting worse in research

by Corie Lok

Source: Nature, 21 September

 

 

Despite the dearth of explicatory data, in the last decades has become evident the salary gap between top-ranked scientists and the others. The gulf in wages, due to the growing competition for good researchers all around the world, is what deters talented young people from trying a scientific career. 

 Read more:

http://www.nature.com/news/science-s-1-how-income-inequality-is-getting-worse-in-research-1.20651

 


 

World’s University Rankings 2016-2017: results announced

by Ellie Bothwell

Source: Times Higher Education, 21 September

 

This year THE World University Rankings see Asian universities stand out, with 19 spots in the top 200. The reason of this “sharp rise” is due to the melting-pot with  Western values of critical thinking and liberal competition imported by many Asian scholars who studied at Western universities.

 Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/world-university-rankings-2016-2017-results-announced

 


 

 

World University Rankings 2016-2017: why it’s hard to make global comparisons in higher education

by Paul Ashwin

Source: Times Higher Education, 21 September

 

 

Typical trends in the global higher education are the efforts to focus on the quality of teaching and learning and to compare their quality on a global basis, which has been the ground of the Bologna Process and of the Project “Tuning”, so called to underline that finding a comparation can’t undermine disciplinary and cultural diversity.

 Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/world-university-rankings/world-university-rankings-2016-2017-why-its-hard-to-make-global-comparisons-in-higher-education

 


 

Education at a Glance 2016: OECD Indicators

Source: http://www.oecd.org/, 15 September

 

Education at a Glance’s indicators show that in Italy public spend on education is the fourth-lowest among OECD countries, because of a  distribution of public expenditure over different priorities.  Italian teachers are the oldest  and 8 out of ten of them are male. 

Read more:

http://www.keepeek.com/Digital-Asset-Management/oecd/education/education-at-a-glance-2016/italy_eag-2016-64-en#.V-J9NPCLQdU#page1

 

 


  

Study shines light on success of Germany’s Excellence Initiative

by David Matthews

Source: Times Higher Education, 21 September

 

 

 Germany’s Excellence Initiative, started concentrating funding in the best universities and research areas since ten years, has created networks that produce the 10 per cent of  most globally cited publications. Here funding and existing excellence have worked together.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/study-shines-light-success-germanys-excellence-initiative#

  


 

 UN call to ease visa restrictions for refugee students

by Brendan O’Malley

Source: University World News, 16 September

 

 

The United Nations Refugee Agency has made a call to encourage refugee students’ visas to share responsibilities with universities and governments for the global refugee problem, since education is the key element in the process of peace.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160916234006127

 


 

Achieving Sustainable Development Goal for education by 2030 will be major challenge for all countries

Source: https://www.oecd.org, 15 September

 After Education at a Glance 2016, that provides comparable national statistics measuring the state of education worldwide, of the 35 OECD countries, only 12 are reaching five of ten SDG targets for high-quality, accessible education. Gender imbalances and disparities between native-born peers and immigrants persist.

Read more:

https://www.oecd.org/education/achieving-sustainable-development-goal-for-education-by-2030-will-be-major-challenge-for-all-countries.htm

 


 

Career pathways in multidisciplinary research: how to assess the contributions of single authors in large teams

by Science Europe

Source: http://www.eua.be/, 8 September 

 

Scientific research needs interdisciplinary work, international collaborations and networks, standardised and updated assessment criteria to determine how to credit and cite appropriately specific contributions, tools and softwares, and  support data re-use.  

Read more:

http://www.scienceeurope.org/uploads/PublicDocumentsAndSpeeches/SCsPublicDocs/SE_LEGS_Careerpaths_Workshop_Report.PDF

  


 

 

Theresa May: universities must set up schools to have higher fees

by John Morgan

Source: Times Higher Education, 9 September

 

 

In England universities and schools will have to work together, to give pupils a greater opportunity to study, and universities will have to establish new schools or sponsor an existing underperforming school if they want to charge higher fees.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/theresa-may-universities-must-set-schools-have-higher-fees

 


 

 

US, Asia rise as Europe falters in university ranking

by Brendan O'Malley

Source: University World News, 8 September

 

The outcomes in QS World University Rankings, with the Western European institutions downturn, the strenghtening of US position and the rise of Asian universities reflect the cut to public research spending in the countries losing ground to their US and Asian counterparts.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160908130335607

  


 

Europe’s universities open their doors to refugees

by David Matthews

Source: Times Higher Education, 13 September

 

 

Every country in Europe has different approaches to open the doors to refugees, and different recognition systems for the skills required to access to university. The general problem for migrants is to learn the language of the host-country.

 Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/european-association-for-international-education-eaie-conference-2016-opening-the-door-to-refugees


 

World University Rankings blog: what’s new for 2016-2017?

by Duncan Ross

Source: Times Higher Education, 6 September

 

 

The 2015-2016 THE Ranking hasn’t changed its methodology, with its same performance indicators and the same indicator weightings as last year, but has changed the eligibility criteria, widening the number of ranked universities, with the inclusion of more than 500.000 book chapters and books in its analysis.

 Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/blog/world-university-rankings-blog-whats-new-2016-2017

 


 

MIT Mooc launches essay grading option

by Carl Straumsheim

Source: Times Higher Education, 6 September

 

 

The Massachussets Institute of Technology has launched the third edition of a Mooc of great success in philosophy, that mirrors the development of Moocs in general. Nearly 90.000 learners signed up during the two first runs. Lecture videos and quizzes are free , but it’ s possible an additional level of interaction.

 Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/mit-mooc-launches-essay-grading-option

 


 

 

Complex mathematics isn’t for everyone (but maybe it should be)

by Marilyn Achiron

Source: http://www.oecd.org/, 6 September

 

PISA 2012 shows that 70% of schools adapt mathematics programmes to what students can do, to allow all them to follow the lessons, but OECD argues, all students need to be challenged, and also differentiating isn’t a solution because segregates weak pupils further. 

 Read more:

http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.it/2016/09/complex-mathematics-isnt-for-everyone.html

  


 

What is a global higher education conference?

by Karen Mac Gregor

Source: University World News, 3 September

In South Africa has taken place the first Global Conference on the Internationalisation of Higher Education, enhancing the richness and diversity offered by all regions of the world in tackling  issues such as peace, migration, environment and poverty, with the aim of  an internationalisation global and inclusive.

 Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160903062237837

 


 

 

Russian binary system “damaging” universities and science

by Ellie Bothwell

Source: Times Higher Education, 12 September

 

 

 

Although their struggle to join the top ranking of world, Russia’s universities can’t get  to success as long as they dont’make research, that  is  placed in specialized academies, , and are only tasked with teaching and with modest budgets.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/russian-binary-system-damaging-universities-and-science


 

European research system “cannot afford” to lose Swiss and UK élite

by John Morgan

Source: Times Higher Education, 1 September

 

UK risks exclusion from EU research programmes with the lost of its status as an associated country, if the new government will end  the current free movement arrangements, after that EU has set a deadline for Switzerland to ratify a free movement deal with Croatia or be kicked out of Horizon 2020.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/european-research-system-cannot-afford-lose-swiss-and-uk-elite

 


 

Does charging for tuition reduce access?

by John Aubrey Douglass and Patrick Lapid

Source: University World News, 26 August

 

Many public universities in the United States have adopted a “progressive tuition model” that in response to decline in investment in public higher education by state governments invests one-third of tuition income to support lower-and middle-income students.

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160823130802567

  


 

Japan, South Korea top Asia’s most innovative universities

by Yojana Sharma

Source: University World News, 31 August

 

Japan and South Korea dominate the ranking of Asia’s most innovative universities published by Reuters. In particular South Korea, with its scarse population, compared to the massive China, and its highest research and development spending in the world, has done best.

 

Read more:

http://www.universityworldnews.com/article.php?story=20160831141537908

  


 

World’s top 10 universities led by women 2016

by Ellie Bothwell

Source: Times Higher Education, 17 August

 

 

Just 14% of the world’s top 200 institutions are directed by a woman, but in the top 60 of the 2015-2016 ranking 15 universities are led by women, differently from just 10 in the 2014-15 table. Among these top institutions, figure out Harvard University and the Imperial College London.

Read more:

https://www.timeshighereducation.com/features/worlds-top-10-universities-led-women-2016

 


 

Do labour markets welcome shorter tertiary degrees?

by Dirk Van Damme

Source:  http://www.oecd.org/ 23 August

 

The Bologna Process has made prevalent in all Europe the Anglo-Saxon model of higher education programmes, consisting of a bachelor’s degree and a postgraduate title, with a rise of graduates holding a bachelor’s degree , whose only 80% is employed.

Read more:

http://oecdeducationtoday.blogspot.it/2016/08/do-labour-markets-welcome-shorter_23.html