June 2018 Research, Science and Knowledge

Read the articles selected in June 2018

Horizon Europe: EUA analysis of the European Commission proposal

Source: http://test.eua.be

Eua approves the programme with some reservations to fundamental science. It highlights the benefit of increasing synergy with other European instruments to reduce the discrepancies across European regions. It reaffirms the importance to promote Open Science, interdisciplinarity of research and innovative approaches to SDGs.

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Why open access publishing is growing in Latin America

By Victoriano Colodrón

Source: Times Higher Education, 19 June

Open Access has become in Iberoamérica the leading publishing model, among the editors of life science journals as well among university presses that use it for journals and even for books. This growth is due to the economical constraints of these regions and to the intent to spread the benefits of science to the society.

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How to write your Ph.D. thesis

By Elisabeth Pain

Source: Science, 30 April

Some tips for doctoral students based on the personal experience of some scientists, that tell us how they have decided to structure their work and related to their supervisors,  trying to balance work with life in this time so important for their career.

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Universities suffer under free-tuition regimes

By Ariane de Gayardon

Source: University World News, 15 June

Tuitions fees are the only reliable and stable source of funding for universities. When governments decide on a free-tuition system, they either underfund institutions to the detriment of the teaching quality or reduce the size of the public education sector creating a highly selective regime.

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Education Policy Outlook 2018

Source: http://www.oecd.org

This report is the outcome of a survey on the educational policies of 43 countries within and beyond the OECD, which provides a framework through which the policy-makers can review the educational systems also from the students’ point of view.

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Doctoral education matters for Europe more than ever before

Source: http://test.eua.be/Home.aspx

The socio-economic challenges, the changing nature of research at the time of the digitalization and its impact on the European identity raise ethical and practical issues that are at the core of the doctoral education, in the intersection of education, research, and innovation.

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Nature Index 2018: rise of Chinese research strength continues

By Simon Baker

Source: Times Higher Education, 11 June

China’s contribution to research published in the best natural science journals went up in 2017 more than 13 percent and it is ranked after the US and before Germany and the UK, which fell 4.1 percent, with a 15.2 percent drop reported by Oxford and Cambridge. 

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The future of education and skills

Source: http://www.oecd.org

Education ensures a more democratic access to material resources and a broader well-being, but it should aim at an inclusive growth, mobilizing knowledge and skills to create new value and resources and in order to be applied to unknown and evolving circumstances.

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The automation Readiness Index

Source: Economist Intelligence Unit

The OECD countries are not ready for automation. Even the most developed ones are lagging behind in the development of Research&Innovation, education and labor market policies, essential to tackling the problems posed by the new technologies and harnessing all the opportunities offered by this transition.

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The fight has begun over Europe’s big budget increase for science

By Tania Rabesandratana

Source: Science, 8 June

Horizon Europe, the new programme announced by the European Commission has met several critics because of its supposed shortchanging basic research in favor of innovation funding. In the Commission’s view, its intent is to orient research in a way that captures social understanding and consensus.

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Universities’ Strategies and Approaches towards Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Source: http://www.eua.be

In the last years, awareness of differences within our societies has been growing, while the concept of diversity has expanded promoting social inclusion policies. Universities have included the SDGs in their mission developing strategies that through education help disadvantaged people.

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Europe’s top science funder shows high-risk research pays off

By Inga Vesper

Source: Nature, 4 June

After the last ERC self-review, one in five funded projects led to a scientific breakthrough and was high risk and high reward. The element of risk has turned out to be decisive for retaining talent in Europe and should encourage policymakers to focus on the excellence of research, given its societal and economic impact.

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Top researchers don’t make better teachers, study finds

By Anna Mckie

Source: Times Higher Education, 2 June

After a Dutch study, undergraduates taught by leading scholars aren’t particularly brilliant and are keen to underestimate their teaching performances, even in the master’s courses, where the students are more motivated and get higher grades.

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Where will tomorrow’s graduates come from?

By Marie-Helene Doumet

Source: http://www.oecd.org

Today the tertiary education attainment is keen to increase worldwide, with China and India delivering 40% of the global graduate population and the highest share of STEM students. If the higher supply of graduates is leveling out the relative qualification, what will really matter is the capacity to never stop to learning.

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Erasmus+ opens to world, offers post-Brexit UK access

By Karen MacGregor

Source: University World News, 2 June

The EC has opened Erasmus+ to third countries, enabling UK participation and laying the fundaments of a European Education Area with a doubled budget, which will support the empowerment of the youth by strengthening their European identity and building a global cooperation.

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OECD Skills Strategy Diagnostic Report Italy 2017

Source: http://www.oecd.org/

In Italy, ambitious reforms have addressed the low level of skills, the weak demand for high skills, and the limited use of existing skills affecting the country’s productivity. An important step in this direction is Italy’s National Skills Strategy, a government’s collaboration with the OECD, supported by the EC.

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Productivity and jobs in a globalised world

Source: http://www.oecd.org/

National economic growth has to face the lagging productivity growth in some regions. In front of spatial disparities, a silo approach to regional policy is the most common, whereas efforts to support the diffusion of knowledge from the most to the least advantaged regions and firms can unlock growth potential.

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Building a stronger Europe: new initiatives to further boost role of youth, education and culture policies

Source: http://europa.eu

 The European Commission is working on a European Education Area by 2025 to reinforce youth policies, culture, and education, to strengthen European identity, and to give the new generations a stronger voice in EU policymaking.

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Building a stronger Europe: the role of youth, education and culture policies

Source: European Commission

The European Pillar of Social Rights establishes the individual right to quality education, training, and lifelong learning. At the same time, investing in skills, knowledge, and culture revives the European project. This means to give more chances to young people,  strengthening Europe’s resilience.

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Council Recommendation on promoting automatic mutual recognition of higher education and upper secondary education diplomas and the outcomes of learning periods abroad

Fonte: European Commission

Building a European Education Area can't do without the mutual trust among its Member States in each other’s education and training systems. The lack of criteria uniformity in the recognition of qualifications and the uncertainty has a negative impact on learning mobility.

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